See this article from 2000: “Food Chain of Tomorrow will be Identity Preserved”. This has certainly become true in today’s ever-changing landscape of GMOs, organics, and specialty crops. Increasingly, grains (and other food products) are not handled as commodities, but rather contracts between specific farmers and end users, sometimes with fewer brokers in-between. In order to preserve the identity of our food, one must know where it came from, and what procedures were used to produce it (pesticide, herbicide, and fertilizer use; methods to combat mold; storage issues; transportation).GMOs are not necessarily IP product, since the focus for IP foods is the end user rather than the grower. GMOs for the most part are used to maximize yield and profits, where identity-preserved foods are focused on traits for the end-user. They are not however mutually exclusive. I suppose IP could be looked at somewhat like the ‘farm to table’ movement, but on a much grander scale. It gives an opportunity (through inspection of the contract associated with the food) to know how a harvest was grown/harvested/transported.